Archive for the 'General Knowledge' Category


World’s Unfamiliar Laws

Eat your chewing gum, do the French kiss at the train, driving without your shirts or wear your bathing suit. There are some places that they will caught you for some reasons. To avoid these troubles when you’re going to a certain place, here are the laws in their countries that you should know and to be careful.

1. No Feeding of Pigeons (Italy)

In Venice, there are pigeons flock at the park as additional attraction. Giving food to pigeons by tourists is not allowed. When you caught, the officials or policeman will reprimand you. Fines can reach up to $600 but not more than $50 or $60 if you want to pay quickly.

2. Stopping on the Autobahn (Germany)

While you’re driving along the highway, your car runs out of gas to stop at the side of the highway. Another, you tried to walk along the highway to find the gas. All of these are illegal! Your penalty is just under $100.

3. Driving Without Shirt (Thailand)

You experienced sweat on a humid place. Then you’re going to remove your shirt while you’re driving a car or motorcycle. The consequence is a you’re going to pay the penalty fee of around $10 when a policeman caught you’re driving shirtless!

4. Paying in Pennies (Canada)

Canada’s Currency Act of 1985 was implemented, where there’s a limit on paying endless coins, including penny. Never use those small coins when you’re going to buy at $1 or more. The seller wants you to get out and the transaction is automatically denied!

5. No Kissing at Train Stations (France and England)

In 1910, kissing on those French railways is prohibited. How about in England? The truth is, nowadays there’s no penalty for smooching in those countries except in Warrington Bank Quay at northwestern England. Folks will ask you politely to move out to the designated kissing place.

6. Driving a Dirty Car (Moscow, Russia)

Exempted to Moscow police for that one-of-a-kind law regarding those cars. The police will caught you if he found your license plate was dirty because he can’t read that. You will receive the ticket. It’s okey to pay the penalty at $100 in front of an officer in a politely manner then go on!

7. Wearing the Bathing Suit (Grenada)

Local police in Grenada can spot those tourists who were wearing bathing suits. There’s a fine for that violation and supposed to wear jeans.

8. Driving While Headlights are Off (Denmark)

According to a law in Denmark, always drive with headlights on to prevent further accidents on the road. If you violated, you will fine under $100.

9. Chewing Gum (Singapore)

The government of Singapore teaches tourists and folks to maintain tidiness. There are some violators may face a trouble, such as spitting, non-flushing of public toilets and feeding birds, and they’ll pay huge fines. One of them is eating chewing gum. The fine is $100 a ticket. Be cautious and alert at all times while enjoying your stay. Be aware about laws or rules when you’re there.


The nature of earthquake

Earthquake is the movement of 2 plates on the crust of our planet and it bursts out the energy immediately. It can detect the magnitude of earthquake using the Mercalli scale. It’s a natural phenomenon or possibly caused by humans. Volcanic eruption, aftershock or tsunami, as additional warning to the community,  may occur after the natural earthquake.

We cannot predict precisely when the earthquake will come but preparation is always the best thing for safety.  Until now, scientists are still searching for the answer about the definite time of calamity occur.

Like what happen in L’Aquila in Italy as the latest. On midnight of April 6, an earthquake hit. Most of the Middle Age landmarks were devastated. 150 people were died. The search for those victims from buried debris are still going on. Condolences received from Pope Benedict XVI and leaders from around the world.

There are some countries may struck earthquake. In terms of magnitude, the highest scale was 9.5. It happend in Valdivia, Chile on May 22, 1960. Only 5,700 people were died. Tsunami followed after the event. Huge wave crossed along the Pacific Ocean and affected other countries. In Shannxi, China last January 1556, there are fearfully 830,000 fatalities because of possible landslides and poor foundation of their establishments. It was the deadliest earthquake in the history.

Safety, alertness and preparation are the best thing to survive in case there’s an earthquake.


Top Ten Popular Dog Breeds

According to AKC (American Kennel Club), there are 160 recognized dog breeds in the list to this date. Dog owners are responsible for taking care of dogs as a pet or guard, inside and outside of the house. Sometimes dogs trained for security and emergency purposes, such as sniffing for suspicious items, to attack those criminals or to save the life of an individual. Everybody knows that dog is “man’s best friend”. Here are the latest top ten popular dog breeds in the US and why is it popular:

1. Retriever Labrador


Retriever Labrador is very popular breed in US and the world because it has a unique traits such as exceptionally affable, gentle, intelligent, energetic, sociable and good nature. Aside for good characteristic of Labrador, it is a good companion for people of all ages!

2. Yorkshire Terrier


In terms of Toy group, Yorkshire Terrier is awesome to take care that pet. Despite the long silky coat, it is highly energetic, very protective and loyal to their family. It is a good companion for the single or elderly person.

3. German Shepherd


A popular dog breed from Germany shows the strength, intelligence and obedience. German Shepherd is the part of police and military services worldwide for strong detection of victims in case of calamity, sniffing illegal elements for the crime or to attack enemies.

4. Retriever Golden


Like Golden Labrador, Golden Retriever is good companion for nature hunters. It is capable to swim and he can retrieve anything undamaged because of the soft mouth.

5. Beagle


Snoopy, from the comic strip “Peanuts”, is very popular character as promoting another English breed of dog to the world called “Beagle”. Beagle is suitable for hunters (for rabbit), quarantines and sometimes, for testing. Despite being temper and hard prone to health problems, it barks loudly when intruders are present.

6. Boxers


This combination breed of English Bulldog and extincted Bullenbeisser from Germany shows friendly to pet owner, agile, alert, strong, and suspicious to strangers. Aside for companion at home, Boxers also exercise for police and military activities.

7. Dachshunds


This short-legged and elongated body animal breed can hunt, chase and seize burrow-dwelling animals. Pet owners described Dashshund as “sausage dog”, which is popular in some cities of US and other parts of the world.

8. Bulldog


Bulldog is strong, temper and sociable pet. It was originated from England. Bulldog became popular in US for movies and television as a popular culture, even in universities and schools as mascots.

9. Poodle


Another popular dog from Germany is “Poodle”. It is intelligent, obedient and agile pet. Aside from strong skills in sports, Poodle is always honor during the dog shows, which it shows a “fashionable” pet. Notable celebrities and media carry with their popular Poodle to promote their one of excellent breed of dog.

10. Shih Tzu


It is also known as “Lion Dog” or “Chrysanthemum Dog”. Shih Tzu is one of an adorable pet, which originated from China. Pet owners of Shih Tzu require to maintain his or her pet’s health, including groominess and feeding, because of long coat.


World’s 10 Famous Trains

In world of transportation, train is one of the fastest transportation in the land. Depending on the destination that it travels by the guide of a pair of rail steels. It operates from steam locomotion to the electric and magnetic application. There is a beginning and the end of destination as it could reach by. Over the past 180 years, train continues to innovate for improvement. Safety travel to commuters and faster delivery of commodities or items are the key to efficiency of travel. Here are the 10 famous trains that became remarkable in the world history of transportation:

1. Orient Express


Stretching from Paris to Istanbul, Orient Express started the operation in 1883. It travels 6 countries with the cooperation of 10 different railroads. Why is it famous? Diplomats, royalty or government couriers are the passengers and they served for the 5 course French meals. During World War II, the Orient Express operation was halted and it resumed after the war. In 1962, the service became limited in the height of Cold War and Iron Curtain.

2. Peruvian Central Railway


Peruvian Central Railway started in 1895 and it is the highest railway in the world. Travelling from La Oroya to Lima, the train climbs up to 13,000 feet. It passes 66 tunnels and 59 bridges. Zigzags and the steepness of the mountain are included on those obstacles. Doctors are on-board for commuters had a problem in breathing on a high altitude and they’ll give them oxygen.

3. Trans-Siberian Express


It built in 1889 and the operation began in 1898. Trans-Siberian Express is the longest railway trip in the world, stretching at 9228 kilometer or 5772 miles from Moscow to Vladivostok. The travel time is up to 9 days as the maximum. Nowadays, Russia and Japan are negotiating for the efficient train, possibly using Shinkansen (shall inform this later).  The purpose of that negotiation is to deliver goods more efficiently instead of delivering by sea and to shorten the time travel.

4. 20th Century Limited


20th Century Limited was an express passenger train. It was operated in 1902. It travels from New York to Chicago, passing on the Hudson River and the shores of Lake Erie included. That train became famous in the world. But in 1967, the 20th Century Limited operation was ended. Currently, Amtrak operates on New York-Chicago route.

5. Flying Scotsman


Traveling from London to Edinburgh, Flying Scotsman was the express passenger train. When the train operation began in 1928, it was the non-stop train. Inside the Flying Scotsman, there’s a hairdress salon, King Louis XIV’s restaurant and bar style and a cinema coach. Nowadays, Flying Scotsman was operating by National Express East Coast.

6. Super Chief


Super Chief was one of the named passenger trains and the flagship of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. It was often referred to as “The Train of the Stars” because of the many celebrities who traveled on the streamliner between Chicago and Los Angeles, and vice versa. The maiden operation was the year 1936. But in 1971, it turned over to Amtrak.

7. Blue Train


It is one of the luxurious train in the world since 1939. Traveling 1600 kilometers or 1000 miles between Pretoria and Cape Town. Additional television and telephone applied in 1997 for better comfort of those passengers.

8. Bullet Train


It is also known as “Shinkansen” in Japanese, which literally means “New Trunk Line”. It operates by Japan Railway Group from 1964. That train started at 210 km/h connecting the network of cities on the island of Honshu and Kyushu. The Shinkansen improvement began in 1970s for faster travel time until the application of maglev (magnetic levitation) in 2003 that it became a world breaking speed record of 581 km/h! No fatalities recorded for that train until now! In the event if there’s an earthquake, the train will stop quickly.

9. Indian Pacific


The first national train operated in 1970, connecting between Sydney and Perth at 2461 miles or 4352 kilometers. The trip takes 65 hours, covering 3 Australian states. That route has the world’s longest stretch of straight track, which lasts for 297 miles.

10. TGV


TGV stands for “train à grande vitesse”. The French translation for “high-speed train”. That train uses only the electric system. From 1960s to 1980s, French engineers developed TGV. French government supported for that project in 1976. In 1981, TGV was serviceable to the public and traveling from Paris to Lyon. Improvement on TGV continues. The speed of TGV aimed at 574 km/h in 2007, second to Japan. Until now, TGV journey stretches into Marseille and outside France.